International Champagne Horse Registry

Champagne Colors
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The "Pure" Champagne Colors


GOLD

chestnut/sorrel + champagne

AMBER

bay + champagne

SABLE

(seal) brown + champagne

CLASSIC

solid black + champagne


This page has an overview of the four "pure Champagne" colors,
which result from the action of the Champagne gene
on chestnut, bay, brown, and black.
(See chart below or photographs above)

For details about each color, click on the photo, link, button or drawing representing that color.

Gold Amber Classic Sable Combinations

For "other Champagne colors" :  see "Combinations"

Effect of Champagne on the four simplest horse colors:

Base Color

These horses will have dark or black skin
in all pigmented areas.

With Champagne

These horses will have pink skin
with darker freckles in all pigmented areas.

Starting with a red  horse (a chestnut / sorrel) :

Chestnut

ee

If the red-based horse has one or two champagne genes from one or both parents,
it's Gold.
(Occasionally a gold may have a red mane and/or tail.  We call this "dark Gold".)

Gold

ee, Ch_

Starting with a black horse with a bay (agouti) gene:


Bay

E_, A_

If the bay-based horse has one or two champagne genes from one or both parents, it's Amber.


Amber

E_, A_, Ch_

Starting with a black horse with a  (seal) brown (agouti-t) gene, and no bay gene:


Brown

E_, AtAt or Ata

If the brown-based horse has one or two champagne genes from one or both parents, it's Sable.


Sable

E_, AtAt or Ata, Ch_

Starting with a black horse without a brown or bay gene:


Black

E_, aa

If the black-based horse has one or two champagne genes from one or both parents, it's Classic.


Classic

E_, aa, Ch_

Genetic notation used:  E = black,  e = red;  A = bay,  At = brown,  a = solid;  Ch = champagne, ch = non-champagne;   __ = any version of same gene

Links to DNA tests to identify your horse's base color and other modifiers are HERE.

The scientific specifics are here: http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000195

Depending upon which base colors and other color modifiers
are present in a horse with a Champagne gene, the appearance of the horse varies. 
Also, a lighter or darker shade of the "original" color will affect the horse's appearance.

Since the Champagne gene is believed to be a North American mutation, occurring once, sometime around 1890, a horse must have at least one ancestor (parent, great-grandparent, etc.) of North American bloodlines to be an genuine Champagne color. 
Click this link to read more.

For a crash course in horse color genetics, including Champagne, click here. 

Otherwise, continue learning about the Champagne Colors, below:

For in-depth help in determining whether a horse is champagne, see "Identification"


ICHR
PO Box 4430
Paso Robles, CA 93447-4430

Click here to join ichr list

You're invited to join our Yahoo Groups list, to share pictures and discuss champagne horse colors.

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Legal information:  
ICHR was incorporated in the state of California in 2000.  It is a non-profit corporation. 
ICHR is not, and never was, connected with
any other Champagne organization.
Web & Graphics Design copyright 2013
by Barbara A Kostelnik (see Hippo-Logistics.com )
Please remember that all graphics and text on this site, as on all of the WWW, are automatically copyrighted,  including the exhaustive
pedigree and color research 
that our president, Carolyn Shepard, has done.
If you'd like to use something from this site, 
please email us for permission.

Emailing the ICHR:  Horse color questions will not be answered without the horse's breed and registered name, if any.  Due to the extensive research conducted by the ICHR, we are usually able to determine if a horse has champagne in its pedigree by recognizing the names of ancestors we have determined were champagne,
listed in the right column of each
entry in our
stud book.
ASK about "grade" horses,  please.

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